Forskning om hemfödsel

Här har vi samlat länkar till forskning om att föda hemma, med hjälp av bland andra Födelsehuset och En bra start.
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Artiklar om att föda hemma hittar du här.

WHO och Cochrane: Det är säkert för ”normal-gravida” att föda hemma

Cochrane-institutet, en av världens största forskningsinstanser, skriver så här i sin analys Benefits and harms of planned hospital birth compared with planned home birth for low-risk pregnant women – Olsen O, Clausen JA (2012):

Increasingly better observational studies suggest that planned hospital birth is not any safer than planned home birth assisted by an experienced midwife with collaborative medical back up, but may lead to more interventions and more complications.

WHO (Världshälsoorganisationen) skriver i Place of Birth in Europe – Jane Sandall, PhD, Professor, Social Science and Women’s Health, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom (2015):

(…) for low risk nulliparous and multiparous women, planning to give birth in a midwifery led unit (freestanding or alongside) is particularly suitable for them because the rate of interventions is lower and the outcome for the baby is no different compared with an obstetric unit.

Mer forskning

2018

Scarf VL, Rossiter C, Vedam S et al. (2018) Maternal and perinatal outcomes by planned place of birth among women with low-risk pregnancies in high-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Midwifery

2017

Edqvist, Malin (2017) Posterior Perineral Injuries – Midwives’ Management and Experiences of the Second Stage of Labour in Relation to Perineal Outcome. Sahlgrenska akademin

Kubista Gustafsson, Margareta (2017) Färre kvinnor spricker eller klipps vid hemförlossning. Sahlgrenska akademin

NICE Guidlines (2017) Intrapartum care for healthy women and babies. National Institute of Health and Care

2016

Blix et al. (2016) Transfers to hospital in planned home birth in four Nordic countries – a prospective cohort study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand.

Edqvist, Blix, Lindgren et al. (2016) Perineal injuries and birth positions among 2992 women with a low risk pregnancy who opted for a homebirth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

Wiklander, Julia (2016) Overmedicalization of Childbirth is a Breach of Women’s Human Rights. Girls Globe

O’Mara, Peggy (2016) Homebirth Safety Studies

2015

Adams et al. (2015) Use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological labour pain management techniques and their relationship to maternal and infant birth outcomes: examination of a nationally representative sample of 1835 pregnant women. Midwifery

Halfdansdottir B, Smarason AK, Olafsdottir OA (2015) Outcome of Planned Home and Hospital Births among Low-Risk Women in Iceland in 2005–2009: A Retrospective Cohort study.

Li Y, Townend J, Rowe R et al. (2015) Perinatal and maternal outcomes in planned home and obstetric unit births in women at ‘higher risk’ of complications: secondary analysis of the Birthplace national prospective cohort study.

2014

Lindgren et al. (2014) Praxis and guidelines for planned homebirths in the Nordic countries – An overview. Sexual and reproductive healthcare

NICE Guidlines (2014) NICE confirms midwife-led care during labour is safest for women with straightforward pregnancies. National Institute of Health and Care

Cheyney et. al. (2014) Outcomes of Care for 16,924 Planned Home Births in the United States: The Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project, 2004 to 2009. American College of Nurse‐Midwives

Wassberg & Edén (2014) Vem äger kvinnans kropp under graviditet och barnafödande? Barnmorskeförbundet (pdf)

2013

Cassels, Tracy (2013) Homebirth, the Dutch Study, and Maternal Mortality. Evolutionary parenting

Wiklund, Ingela (2013) Överdiagnostik och skadliga rutiner i förlossningsvården. Dagens Medicin

de Jonge et al. (2013) Severe adverse maternal outcomes among low risk women with planned home versus hospital births in the Netherlands: nationwide cohort study. British Medical Journal

”There was no evidence that planned home birth among low risk women leads to an increased risk of severe adverse maternal outcomes in a maternity care system with well trained midwives and a good referral and transportation system.”

2011

Houben–van Herten, Marieke (2011) Three quarters of deliveries in hospital. Centraal bureau voor de statistiek, Netherlands

Kresser, Chris (2011) Natural childbirth I: is home birth more dangerous than hospital birth?

Lindgren et al. (2011) Fear causes tears – Perineal injuries in home birth settings. A Swedish interview study. BioMedCentral Pregnancy Childbirth

Birthplace in England Research Programme (2011) Perinatal and maternal outcomes by planned place of birth for healthy women with low risk pregnancies: the Birthplace in England national prospective cohort study. BMJ

2009

Janssen et al. (2009) Outcomes of planned home birth with registered midwife versus planned hospital birth with midwife or physician. CMAJ

2008

Helena Lindgren (2008) Hemförlossningar i Sverige 1992-2005 : Förlossningsutfall och kvinnors erfarenheter. KI

2005

Waldenström, Ulla (2005) Det medicinskt möjliga gör oss fartblinda. Läkartidningen (pdf)

2000

Olssen & Jewel (2000) Home versus hospital birth. The Cochrane database of sytematic reviews

Marsden Wagner (2000) Fish Can’t See Water. Birth International

”Birth attendants, be they doctors, midwives or nurses, who have experienced only hospital based, high interventionist, medicalised birth cannot see the profound effect their interventions are having on the birth. These hospital birth attendants have no idea what a birth looks like without all the interventions, a birth which is not dehumanized.”

1996 och tidigare

Wiegers et al. (1996) Outcome of planned home and planned hospital births in low risk pregnancies: prospective study in midwifery practices in The Netherlands. British Medical Journal

Tew, Marjorie (1986) Do obstetric intranatal interventions make birth safer? British journal of obstetrics and gynaecology

Tew, Marjorie (1985) Place of birth and perinatal mortality. Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners

 

Födelsehuset har även bra länkar till forskning om CTG-övervakning, avnavling, kontinuerligt stöd vid förlossning etc.

 

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